Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research Vol. Ahead of print No. | Abstracts

Palbociclib versus abemaciclib in HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer: an indirect comparison of patient-reported end points


This study intended to assess the relative impact of palbociclib plus fulvestrant (PAL + FUL) and abemaciclib plus fulvestrant (ABEM + FUL) on patient-reported outcomes in patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer. The team conducted anchored matching-adjusted indirect comparisons using individual patient data from PALOMA-3 (PAL + FUL) and summary-level data from MONARCH-2 (ABEM + FUL). Outcomes included the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 items (EORTC QLQ-C30) and its breast cancer-specific module (QLQ-BR23). Results showed significantly different changes from baseline favoring PAL + FUL compared with ABEM + FUL were observed in global quality of life (6.95 [95% CI: 2.19–11.71]; p = 0.004) and several functional/symptom scales, including emotional functioning, nausea/vomiting, appetite loss, diarrhea and systemic therapy side effects. As a result, PAL + FUL was associated with more favorable patient-reported outcomes than ABEM + FUL in patients with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer.

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